Periodontitis is a disease caused by microorganism that adhere to the tooth surface. These little microorganism start to inflame the tissues that surround and support your teeth. This will eventually lead to bone loss and the subsequent loss of your teeth. Periodontitis is diagnosed by evaluating a patient’s x-ray and using an instrument called a probe during the clinical examination to inspect the soft gum tissue around the teeth.
There are a lot of studies that suggest oral health and gum disease are related to serious conditions like heart disease. Scientist believe that the inflammation cause by the bacteria is linked with the development or progression of cardiovascular disease in some patients. Bleeding gums are a possible sign of periodontal disease, the open wounds allow bacteria to enter your bloodstream. One of the causes of heart disease is the build up of plaque in your blood stream, researcher have found Periodontal bacteria in those plaque. This has lead many researchers to believe that there is a significant connection with periodontal disease and heart disease.
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Without regular visits to the dentist, periodontitis in its early stage has very few symptoms. Patients tend to seek dental treatment when the disease has significantly progressed. Daily oral hygiene routines help to prevent periodontal disease. Brushing properly on a regular basis (at least twice a day), flossing daily, and regular dental check ups and teeth cleaning will help patients to overcome periodontitis.